According to the United Nations Population Fund, India’s population growth has stabilized but is “still growing at an annual rate of 0.7%” and is expected to overtake China as the world’s most populous country by 2023. Tuesday.
China’s population is no longer growing and “could begin to decline as early as 2023,” the United Nations said. India’s fertility rate has reached 2.1 births per woman, a replacement level fertility rate and is declining.
“On November 15th, the world population is projected to reach 8 billion. It is also a result of persistently high fertility rates in some countries,” the UN said in a statement.
The United Nations said it took 12 years for the world population to grow from 7 billion to 8 billion, but it will take about 15 years (by 2037) to reach 9 billion. .
“Countries with the highest fertility rates tend to be those with the lowest per capita incomes … said the United Nations.
As of 2022, more than half of the world’s population will live in Asia, with China and India being the two most populous countries with over 1.4 billion people each.
The World Population Projection for 2022, released in July this year, puts India’s estimated population at 1.412 billion this year, compared to China’s 1.426 billion.
According to the United Nations, declining mortality initially led to a “tremendous population growth” that peaked at 2.1% per year between 1962 and 1965. Between 1950 and 1987, the world population doubled from 2.5 billion to 5 billion. But as fewer and fewer children were born over generations, growth began to slow.
UNFPA projects that world population will peak at 10.4 billion in the 2080s and remain there until the end of the century.
According to the United Nations, 60% of the world’s population, up from 40% in 1990, live in areas where fertility rates are below replacement levels, and international migration is now the engine of growth in many countries. , 281 million people live outside. Country of birth in 2020.
All South Asian countries — India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka — have seen high levels of immigration in recent years.
Poonam Mutreja, Executive Director of the Indian Population Foundation, noted that population growth has stabilized around the world. Yes, when, how many times, at what interval
PFI’s Alok Vajpayee said the University of Washington’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation estimates that the world’s population will peak at 9.7 billion in 2054 and then begin to decline, reaching 8.7 billion in 2100. said it does.
“Similarly, India’s population is likely to peak at 1.7 billion in 2048 and begin to decline to 1.1 billion by the end of the century,” he said.